IEEE COPYRIGHT FORM
The IEEE has developed this form with great care and with the best interest
of its members and contributing authors in mind. Therefore, in order to
maintain uniform treatment among all contributors, Company or other forms may
not be substituted for this form, nor may any wording of this form be changed.
This form is intended for original, previously unpublished material submitted
to lEEE periodicals and conference publications. This form, when completed,
must accompany any such material in order to be published by IEEE. Please
read it carefully and keep a copy of it for your files.
TITLE OF WORK (hereinafter, "the work"):
PART A -- COPYRIGHT TRANSFER FORM
(U.S. Government employees whose work is not subject to U.S. copyright shou
so certify by signing Part B below. Authors of works subject to Crown
Copyright should sign Part C overleaf)
The undersigned hereby assigns all copyright rights in and to the above wor
to The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (the "IEEE").
The undersigned hereby represents and warrants that the work is original and
that he/she is the author of the work, except possibly for material such as
text passages, figures, and data that clearly identify the original source,
with permission notices from the copyright owners where required. The
undersigned represents that he/she has the power and authority to make and
execute this assignment.
In return for these rights, the IEEE recognizes the retained rights noted i
Items 1 and 4 below, and grants to the above authors and employers for whom
the work may have been performed a royalty-free license to use the material as
noted in Items 2 and 3. Item 5 stipulates that authors and employers must
seek permission to republish in cases not covered by Items 2, 3, and 4.
1. Employers (or authors) retain all proprietary rights in any process,
procedure, or article of manufacture described in the work.
2. Authors/employers may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the abo
work, material extracted verbatim from the above work, or derivative works for
the author's personal use or for company use provided that the source and the
IEEE copyright notice are indicated, that the copies are not used in any way
that implies IEEE endorsement of a product or service of an employer, and that
the copies themselves are not offered for sale. (See "Author/Employer Rights"
3. Authors/employers may make limited distribution of all or portions of th
above work prior to publication if they inform the IEEE of the nature and
extent of such limited distribution prior thereto.
4. In the case of work performed under a U.S. Government contract or grant,
IEEE recognizes that the U.S. Government has royalty-free permission to
reproduce all or portions of the above work, and to authorize others to do so,
for official U.S. Government purposes only, if the contract/grant so requires.
(Appropriate documentation may be attached, but IEEE's Copyright Form MUST BE
SIGNED. See "U.S. Government Employees/U.S. Government Contract Work"
5. For all circumstances not covered by Items 2, 3, and 4, authors/employer
must request permission from the IEEE Copyrights Office to reproduce or
authorize the reproduction of the work or material extracted verbatim from the
work, including figures and tables.
Please see notes on "IEEE Obligations" as copyright holder.
In the event the above work is not accepted and published by the IEEE or is
withdrawn by the author(s) before acceptance by the IEEE, this agreement
becomes null and void.
PLEASE DIRECT ALL QUESTIONS ABOUT IEEE COPYRIGHT POLICY OR THIS FORM TO:
Manager, Copyrights and Trademarks, IEEE Service Center, 445 Hoes Lane, P.O.
Box 1331, Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331. Telephone: (908) 562-3966.
For jointly authored works, all the joint authors should sign, or one of th
authors should sign as an authorized agent for the others. In the case of
multiple authorship where one or more authors are Government employees but at
least one author is not, that non-Government author should sign Part A of this
copyright transfer form.
PART B -- U.S. GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE CERTIFICATION
Authors who are U.S. Government employees are not required to sign Part A o
the IEEE Copyright Form, but any coauthors outside the U.S. Government are
required to sign Part A (see JOINT AUTHORSHIP overleaf). Authors whose work
was performed under a U.S. Government contract or grant, but who are not
Government employees, are required to sign Part A of this form (see item 4
under Part A).
This will certify that all authors of the above work are employees of the U
Government and performed this work as part of their official duties and that
the work is therefore not subject to U.S. copyright protection.
PART C -- CROWN COPYRIGHT
Authors who are employees of the British Government (or a British Commonwea
Government) and whose works are subject to Crown Copyright may sign Part C
below. IEEE recognizes and will honor Crown Copyright as it does U.S.
Copyright. It is understood that, in asserting Crown Copyright, IEEE in no
way diminishes its rights as publisher. Sign only if ALL authors are subject
to Crown Copyright. Signing Part C will certify that all authors of the above
work are subject to Crown Copyright. (Appropriate documentation and
instructions regarding wording of Crown Copyright notice may be attached.)
Notes and Information for Authors and Their Employers
In connection with its publishing activities, it is the formal policy of th
IEEE to own the copyrights to all copyrightable material in its technical
publications and to the individual contributions contained therein, in order
to protect the interests of the IEEE, its authors and their employers, and, at
the same time, to facilitate the appropriate re-use of this material by
others. The IEEE distributes its technical publications throughout the world
and does so by various means such as hard copy, microfiche, microfilm, and
electronic media. It also abstracts and may translate its publications, and
articles contained therein, for inclusion in various compendiums and similar
publications, etc. When an article is submitted for publication to the IEEE,
the IEEE understands that its acceptance of the article implies that IEEE has
the rights to do all of the things it normally does with such an article.
IEEE Policy 6.17 -- CLEARANCE OF PAPERS -- applies to all material submitte
to IEEE: "The IEEE must of necessity assume that material presented at its
meetings or submitted to its publications is properly available for general
dissemination to the audiences these activities are organized to serve. It is
the responsibility of the authors, not the IEEE, to determine whether
disclosure of their material requires the prior consent of other parties and,
if so, to obtain it."
Furthermore, the IEEE must assume, if an author uses within his/her article
previously published and/or copyrighted material, that permission has been
obtained for such use and that any required credit lines, copyright notices,
etc. are duly noted.
In exercising its rights under copyright, the IEEE will make all reasonable
efforts to act in the interests of the authors and employers as well as in its
own interest. In handling third party reprint/republication requests for an
IEEE work, the IEEE requires that 1) the consent of the first-named author be
sought as a condition in granting republication (of a full paper) to others;
and 2) the consent of the employer be obtained as a condition in granting
permission to others to re-use all or portions of a paper for promotion or
If you are employed and you prepared your paper as a part of your job, the
rights to your work rest initially with your employer. In that case, when
you sign the copyright transfer form, we assume you are authorized to do so by
your employer and that your employer has consented to all the terms and
conditions of this form. If not, it should be signed by someone so
authorized. (See also Policy 6.17 above.)
SPECIAL NOTE TO EMPLOYERS: Just as the IEEE requires a signed copyright
transfer form (for copyrightable material) in order to do "business as usual,"
it is the intent of the transfer portion of the form to return rights to the
author and employer so that they, too, may do "business as usual." (See note
at bottom of page re. further details.)
Please note that, although authors are permitted to reuse all or portions o
their IEEE-copyrighted material in other works, this does not include granting
third party requests for reprinting, republishing, or other types of re-use.
All third party requests must be handled by the IEEE Copyrights Permissions